Albert Einstein Scientific Writings

Prussian Academy of Physics

 by Gregory J. Mallon

 

 

ALBERT einstein SCIENTIFIC Papers

Scientific papers published by Albert Einstein in the Journal of the Prussian Academy of Physics

# Weil # Year German Title English Translation
1 162 1928 Neue Moglichkeit Fur Eine Einheitliche Feldtheorie Von Gravitation Und Elektrizitat New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravitation and Electricity
2 165 1929 Zur Einheitlichen Feldtheorie The Unified Field Theory
3 166 1929 Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Und Hamiltonsches Prinzip Unified Field Theory and Hamiltonian Principles
4 170 1930 Zwei Strenge Statische Losungen der Feldgleichungen der Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Two Strict Static Solutions to the Field Equations of the Unified Field Theory
5 180 1931 Sytematische Untersuchung über Kompatible Feldgliechungen, welche in Einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fernparallelismus Gesetzt Werden Konen Systematic Study of Compatible Fields, which are Set in Riemannian Space with Distant Parallelism
6 189 1933 The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity

 

Weil 000 - 160:  Known as "Offprints" (Sonderabdruck) - No separate Tile and Pagination.  Numbering follows continuous numbering in "periodical".
Weil 161 - 165:  Known as "Imprint" (Abdruck) Imprint with separate Title and Pagination.
Weil 165 - Onward:  Known as "Special edition" (Sonderausgabe)
 

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Weil 162 - New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravitation and Electricity, 1928,  by Albert Einstein)

Neue Moglichkeit Fur Eine Einheitliche Feldtheorie Von Gravitation Und Elektrizitat, 1928

(Weil #162, Rare, Fine)

1928 - New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravitation and Electricity, 1928,  by Albert Einstein)

FRONT (Click Photo to Zoom)

From Weil:  Neue Möglichkeit für Eine Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität. Berlin: "Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission bei Walter de Gruyter, 1928" ((TRANSLATION: "Publisher of the Academy of Science in Commission at Walter de Gruyter, 1928")

New Possibility for a Unified Field Theory of Gravitation and Electricity, 1928

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Neue Möglichkeit für Eine Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität. Berlin: "Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission bei Walter de Gruyter, 1928" ((TRANSLATION: "Publisher of the Academy of Science in Commission at Walter de Gruyter, 1928").  Quarto, in original orange paper wrappers.  First offprint edition of one of Einstein's classic papers on the theory of distant parallelism, in original wrappers. In 1928, Einstein took a new approach to field theory, which he named "distant parallelism."

"By early 1929, he had solved the main problems involved in writing down field equations for his unified theory. On the day of official publication of the third of a formidably technical series of nine articles on the theory… excited headlines appeared in foreign newspapers throughout the world… In this frenzied, unscientific atmosphere, Einstein's new theory was hailed in the press as an outstanding scientific advance" (Hoffmann/Dukas, ''Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel'' (1972) pp. 225-226). 

The first edition was published the same year in ''Sitzungsberichten der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften'' (TRANSLATION: "Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences"). See Weil #162, Boni #175. Fine condition (Near Mint, see scans and click to zoom).

From Weil:  Weil #162  Neue Möglichkeit für Eine Einheitliche Feldtheorie von Gravitation und Elektrizität.

 

Weil 165 - Zur Einheitlichen Feldtheorie, von A. EINSTEIN (The Unified Field Theory, 1929,  by Albert Einstein)

Zur Einheitlichen Feldtheorie, 1929

(Weil #165, Very Rare, Fine)

1929 - Zur Einheitlichen Feldtheorie, von A. EINSTEIN (The Unified Field Theory, 1929,  by Albert Einstein)

FRONT (Click Photo to Zoom)

From Weil:  Zur Einheitlichen Feldtheorie.  S. B. preuss. Akad. Wiss., 1929, pp. 2-7

Sci. Abstr. 1929, 2375.  Phys. Ber. 1929, 1355

"This paper represents a new development which was immediate news."  A translation by L. L. Whyte appeared in the (London) Times of Feb 4, 1929.  It was quoted in full Observatory, Vol. 52, under the title "New Field Theory" pp. 82-87 and (1930) pp. 11-118.  Sci. Abstr. 1930, 3653.  Phys. Ber. 1930, 1821.

Einstein's manuscript for this paper is in the Olin Library, Wesleyan University.

The Unified Field Theory, 1929

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Berlin: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1929 First separate edition of one of Einstein's last important scientific works (Weil #165).  Large 8vo. 8 pp.  First separate printing of this VERY RARE offprint from ''Sitzungsberichten der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften'', (TRANSLATION: "Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences"), phys.-math. Klasse 1929, I.   Near Mint in original orange printed wrappers (see photos).

"In 1928, [Einstein] embarked on a new approach to a unified field theory... involving what he called 'distant parallelism'... By early 1929 he had solved the main problems involved in writing down field equations for his unified field theory. On the day of official publication of the third of a formidably technical series of nine articles on the theory... excited headlines appeared in foreign newspapers throughout the world... In this frenzied, unscientific atmosphere, Einstein's new theory was hailed in the press as an outstanding scientific advance. Yet Einstein had stated in his article that this was still tentative; and soon he found he had to abandon it" (Hoffmann/Dukas, ''Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel'' (1972) pp. 225-226).  Weil #165Boni #173.  Norman 700.  Original orange printed wrappers.

From Weil:  Weil #165, Zur Einheitlichen FeldtheorieS. B. preuss. Akad. Wiss., 1929, pp. 2-7 Sci. Abstr. 1929, 2375.  Phys. Ber. 1929, 1355  "This paper represents a new development which was immediate news."  A translation by L. L. Whyte appeared in the (London) Times of Feb 4, 1929.  It was quoted in full Observatory, Vol. 52, under the title "New Field Theory" pp. 82-87 and (1930) pp. 11-118.  Sci. Abstr. 1930, 3653.  Phys. Ber. 1930, 1821.  Einstein's manuscript for this paper is in the Olin Library, Wesleyan University.

Weil 166 - Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Und Hamiltonsches Prinzip, von A. EINSTEIN, 1929,  by Albert Einstein

Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Und Hamiltonsches Prinzip, 1929

(Weil #166, Rare, Fine)

1929 - Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Und Hamiltonsches Prinzip, von A. EINSTEIN, 1929,  by Albert Einstein

FRONT (Click Photo to Zoom)

From Weil:  Einheitlichen Feldtheorie Und Hamiltonsches Prinzip.  S. B. preuss. Akad. Wiss., 1929, pp. 2-7

 

Weil 000 - 160:  Known as "Offprints" (Sonderabdruck) - No separate Tile and Pagination.  Numbering follows continuous numbering in "periodical".

Weil 161 - 165:  Known as "Imprint" (Abdruck) Imprint with separate Title and Pagination.

Weil 165 - Onward:  Known as "Special edition" (Sonderausgabe)

 

Unified Field Theory and Hamiltonian Principles, 1929

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Berlin, Gruyter & Co., 1929. 4to. Orig. printed orange wrappers. Offprint/Sonderausgabe aus Sitzungsberichten... pp. 2-7. Fine fresh copy. 

First edition in the rare Offprint, now called "Sonderausgabe" (TRANS: "Special edition") instead of "Sonderabdruck" (TRANS: "Offprint") , having separate printed title and separate pagination.  The early Offprints from 'Sitzungsberichten der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften'', (TRANSLATION: "Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences") are called "Sonderabdruck" (TRANS: "Offprint") up to Weil No.165 (including this). From Weil 166 onward they are called "Sonderausgabe..." (TRANS: "Special edition").

Before 161 (up to 160) the Offprints do not have separate title and pagination (the pagination follows the numbering in the periodical). From 166 the Offprint has both separate printed title and pagination. 

Thus Weil #'s 161-165 are still "Abdruck" (TRANS: "Imprint"), but with separate title and pagination.  These facts are not mentioned in the bibliographies.

Part of Einstein's final efforts on a unified field theory in which he "proposed a set of field equations, but added that 'further investigations will have to show whether [these] will give an interpretation of the physical qualities of space.'" Abraham Pais, 'Subtle is the Lord,' p. 346.  Printing and the mind of man 416;  Weil #166;  Schilpp-Shields 2

Weil #166Boni #184.  Original orange printed wrappers.  A fine fresh copy of this RARE PAPER.

Weil 170 - Zwei Strenge Statische Losungen der Feldgleichungen der Einheitlichen Feldtheorie, von A. EINSTEIN, 1930E

Zwei Strenge Statische Losungen der Feldgleichungen der Einheitlichen Feldtheorie, 1930

(Weil #170, Rare, Fine)

Zwei Strenge Statische Losungen der Feldgleichungen der Einheitlichen Feldtheorie

FRONT (Click Photo to Zoom)

From Weil:  Zwei Strenge Statische Losungen der Feldgleichungen der Einheitlichen Feldtheorie S. B. preuss. Akad. Wiss., 1930, pp. 2-13

Two Strict Static Solutions to the Field Equations of the Unified Field Theory, 1930

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Berlin, Gruyter & Co., 1930. 4to. Orig. printed orange wrappers. Offprint/Sonderausgabe aus Sitzungsberichten... pp. 2-13. Fine fresh copy. 

First edition in the rare Offprint, now called "Sonderausgabe" (TRANS: "Special edition") instead of "Sonderabdruck" (TRANS: "Offprint") , having separate printed title and separate pagination.  The early Offprints from 'Sitzungsberichten der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften'', (TRANSLATION: "Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences") are called "Sonderabdruck" (TRANS: "Offprint") up to Weil No.165 (including this). From Weil 166 onward they are called "Sonderausgabe..." (TRANS: "Special edition").

Before 161 (up to 160) the Offprints do not have separate title and pagination (the pagination follows the numbering in the periodical). From 166 the Offprint has both separate printed title and pagination. 

Thus Weil #'s 161-165 is still "Abdruck" (TRANS: "Imprint"), but with separate title and pagination.  These facts are not mentioned in the bibliographies.

Part of Einstein's final efforts on a unified field theory in which he "proposed a set of field equations, but added that 'further investigations will have to show whether [these] will give an interpretation of the physical qualities of space.'" Abraham Pais, 'Subtle is the Lord,' p. 346.  Printing and the mind of man 416;  Weil #170;  Schilpp-Shields 2

Weil #170Boni #184.  Original orange printed wrappers.  A fine fresh copy of this RARE PAPER.

Weil 180 - Sytematische Untersuchung uber Kompatible Feldgliechungen,  welche in Einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fernparallelismus Gesetzt Werden Konen, von A. EINSTEIN und W. MAYER, 1931,  by Albert Einstein & Walter Mayer

Sytematische Untersuchung über Kompatible Feldgliechungen, welche in Einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fernparallelismus Gesetzt Werden Konen, 1931

(Weil #180, Rare, Fine)

Systematic Investigation of Compatible Fields, which are Set in Riemannian Space with Distant Parallelism, 1931, by Albert Einstein and Walter Mayer

FRONT (Click Photo to Zoom)

From Weil:  Sytematische Untersuchung über Kompatible Feldgliechungen, welche in Einem Riemannschen Raume mit Fernparallelismus Gesetzt Werden Konen, 1931

Weil #180Boni #xxx.  (In German) Original orange printed wrappers.  A fine fresh copy of this RARE PAPER.

Systematic Study of Compatible Fields, which are Set in Riemannian Space with Distant Parallelism, 1931

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S. Ber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin., 1931. - Berlin, Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1931, 8°, 11 S., OBrosch. First Edition; the rare off-print from the "Sitzungsberichten" (TRANS: "Meeting reports")

More and more frequently Einstein chose his assistants from mathematicians.  One of the chief of them at that time was Professor Walter Mayer, a small round individual who, at first sight, seemed crushed beneath the personality of Einstein. Einstein's family called him Mayerle and this Swabian diminutive suited him to perfection. But in Mayer's self-effacement there was more affection than respect. He gently contradicted Einstein, interrupted him when necessary, followed up an argument and smiled a little mysteriously, his head on one side, as he watched the figures drawn up in front of him.

"It is he who produced all my calculations; his skill is fantastic, you know", Einstein used to say. In October 1933 Mayer followed Einstein in his American exile. -cf. Alicke Weil #180Boni #xxx; Schilpp-Shields No. 250; Alicke No. 149.

Weil 189 - The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity, by Albert Einstein, 1933  (Being the first Lecture at the George A. Gibson Foundation in the University of Glasgow delivered on June 20th, 1933)

The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity, by Albert Einstein, 1933. First Edition

(Weil #189, 1st Ed., Extremely Rare, Near Mint)

On the Origins of the General Theory of Relativity, by Albert Einstein, 1933  (Being the first Lecture at the George A. Gibson Foundation in the University of Glasgow delivered on June 20th, 1933)

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From Weil  (Weil 189):  The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity.  Lecture at the George A. Gibson Foundation, Univ. of Glasgow, June 20, 1933.  Glasgow, Jackson, 1933, (Glasgow University Publications, No. 30), 11 pp.
German text in "
Mein Weltbild" (pp. 248-256)

From Boni (Boni 220):  Origins of the General Theory of Relativity [ George A. Gibson Foundation Lecture, delivered at Glasgow, 20 June 1933 ].  Glasgow, Jackson.

[Boni] 220.A) For German text, [titled in "Mein Weltbild" as] "Einiges uber die Entstehung der allgermeinen Relativitatstheorie," see [Boni] 357

The Origins of the General Theory of Relativity, by Albert Einstein, 1933  (Being the first Lecture at the George A. Gibson Foundation in the University of Glasgow delivered on June 20th, 1933). First Edition., Extremely Rare, Very Fine
Weil #189.  Boni #220.  Original brown textured printed wrappers.  An exquisite copy of this EXTREMELY RARE PAPER.

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NOTES: At left we see that a reprint of "The Origins of General Relativity" lecture may ONLY be found in GERMAN text in the publication called "Mein Weltbild" [Boni 357] (Translation: "My World View").   "Mein Weltbild" was translated to English in a book called: "The World as I See it" (1st English Ed, 1934, New York: Covichi-Friede, and later: 1949, New York: Philosophical Library), Boni 357.A.  Unfortunately, the 1949 edition was an abridged translation which omitted the scientific publications by Einstein.  Thus, they also omitted the famous "Origins" lecture discussed here. 

In the final paragraph of the Introduction to the Abridged Edition, the author states: "The World As I See It [Boni 357.A] in its original form, includes essays by Einstein on relativity and cognate subjects.  For reasons indicated above, these have been omitted in the present edition; the object of this reprint is simply to reveal to the general reader the human side of one of the most dominating figures of our day".

Other Definitions:
Sonderabdruck = Offprint
Abdruck = Imprint
Sonderausgabe = Special Edition
Sitzungsberichten = Meeting Reports
Fernparallelismus = Distant Parallelism
Sitzungsberichten der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften = Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences
Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission bei Walter de Gruyter = Publisher of the Academy of Science in Commission at Walter de Gruyter